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Serments de Strazbourg (842)

Juliette Bourdier

 

The  Serment de Strasbourg is an oath sworn by Charles le Chauve – Charles the Bald (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles II) andÄhnlicher Begriff: Louis II de Germania in solemnizing their alliance against their brother, Emperor Lothair I. The chief political result of this alliance was the Treaty of Verdun (843). Each brother made his oath in the language of the other’s followers, so that it might be understood. The version used by Louis is often considered the oldest known specimen of French.The text was preserved in the manuscript of the Frankish historian Nithard (fl. 9th century).The Serments is the earliest known document written in the emerging vernacular.

Le mot tudesque vient de l’adjectif germanique tiudesc, qui signifie «populaire». Cette racine se retrouve aussi dans le mot tiudesc-Land qui signifie le «pays du peuple». Au fil du temps, il se transformera en Deutschland, nom…

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Brush up your French for free

Juliette Bourdier

 Improve your French, for free and online,

RFI Mission Paris, menez l’enquête- Free Web Site

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Only Eva can save France. But who are her allies? And who are her enemies? From a Parisian cafe she follows a messenger right into a blast at a railway station. Is it a trap? And what do the messenger’s dying words mean?

From a Parisian café with a surly waiter, Eva runs after a mysterious contact and ends up in the chaotic aftermath of an explosion. Has someone tried to kill her? Instead of sipping her espresso in peace, she finds herself facing danger. She gets mixed up in a world of mysterious codes and a race against time. The messenger… le messager…has told her the first clues for her assignment…aisle a, row 2… and a number code 1-8-5-2. She’s the only person who can save France from a disaster.

RFI Une aventure africaine…

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French Food… Recipe Medieval Style

Juliette Bourdier

French Medieval Food

Bread, accompanied by meat and wine, was the centrepiece of the medieval diet. Vegetables were more for peasants, both in reality and imagination. Not all foods had the same cultural value. Each had its place within a hierarchy extending from heaven to earth.

Cereals were the basic food, primarily as bread. Oats were eaten as porridge, mainly in the Atlantic regions of Europe. By the end of the Middle Ages, wheat had become the most sought-after cereal. Rye was cultivated only in the roughest soils, whilst millet was a speciality prominent in the south west of France. A recent arrival, buckwheat, began spreading through Brittany.

Vegetables were a daily part of the peasant’s diet. Cabbage, in particular, was king of medieval gardens. In towns, itinerant vendors sold green vegetables (spinach, leeks and cabbage) used for making purées and soups.

Fruit was considered fit for the nobility…

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Medieval Apps: There’s a Saint for That!

E. C. Ambrose

One of the aspects of the medieval Church which causes much consternation among theologians is the presence of and reliance on the various saints. Theoretically, the Catholic Church is monotheistic, that is, it worships only one god. First, they muddy the waters with the Holy Trinity–a feature that started a lot of arguments and some interesting heresies in period with the question of what the flesh vs. god ratio was for Jesus, and whether the Holy Spirit took precedence over both Father and Son. It can be pretty complicated for the modern researcher to follow some of those arguments–yikes!

The saints seem a little more straightforward. Saints are, in essence, God’s posse, lead by Mary, providing intermediary services between sinners and the Big Guy. Generally person who showed signs of great religious devotion during life, or those who died as a result of their religious faith (martyrs), saints begin as…

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Which Route Did Charlemagne Take to Invade Saxony?

Kim Rendfeld

I’ve spent a lot of time trying to decide on one word – west or south.

The current draft of my second novel, The Ashes of Heaven’s Pillar, has the Saxons of Eresburg taken by surprise by an invasion from the west in 772. It was 14 years after their last battle with the Franks, who inhabit territory to the west and south. Yet an author of a recently published nonfiction book has the invasion coming from the south, and it is plausible.

No one knows the exact route Frankish King Charles (Charlemagne) would have taken. Those selfish Frankish annalists did not consider 21st century novelists when they wrote down their version of history, and the Continental Saxons did not even have a written language as we know it.

The extant annals pretty much say Charles held an assembly in Worms, invaded Eresburg, and destroyed the Irminsul, taking its…

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